Individual Animal Health

Veterinary Services

Farm animals require regular medical care to maintain their health and productivity

Proper nutrition, preventative healthcare measures, and efficient breeding strategies are essential to maximizing your farm’s production outcomes. Once we establish a VCPR, we can carry out telehealth visits and online prescription management for your farm animals to expedite veterinary care when you need it.

Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants offers comprehensive preventative medicine, general medical care, critical care, and herd health management to cattle operations across Virginia and West Virginia. Our highly qualified farm animal veterinary health professionals are experienced and up-to-date on evidence-based herd health management practices.

General Veterinary Care Services

From routine vaccinations and wellness checks to sick animal care, our highly trained veterinary health professionals are here to help you maximize the quality of life and productivity of your farm animals.

Preventative veterinary care involves implementing measures such as regular vaccinations, deworming, and parasite control to minimize the risk of diseases and infestations. It also includes routine health check-ups, proper nutrition management, and maintaining optimal living conditions to promote overall herd health and productivity.
Sick animal evaluations involve thorough physical examinations to assess symptoms, identify potential causes of illness, and develop appropriate treatment plans. We may conduct diagnostic tests, such as bloodwork, fecal analysis, and ultrasound imaging, to help us diagnose and ensure accurate treatment for sick farm animals.
Respiratory diseases are common and can significantly impact your herd’s health and productivity. These diseases often result from viral or bacterial infections, causing symptoms like coughing, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, and reduced appetite. Timely diagnosis, proper treatment, and preventive measures – such as vaccination and maintaining good ventilation – are crucial in managing respiratory disease outbreaks and minimizing their impact on the herd. The treatment of respiratory diseases typically involves a combination of antimicrobial therapy, supportive care, and management practices. This may include the administration of antibiotics or immune-boosting medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation and fever, adequate ventilation and housing conditions, and addressing any underlying factors contributing to the disease, such as stress or overcrowding. Prompt veterinary intervention and proper treatment protocols are crucial in managing respiratory diseases and promoting recovery in affected animals.
Diarrheal diseases are characterized by frequent and watery bowel movements, which can lead to dehydration, weight loss, and reduced growth rates. These diseases are often caused by viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections and require quick veterinary attention, proper fluid and electrolyte management, and targeted treatments to prevent further complications and promote recovery. The treatment of diarrheal diseases typically involves a combination of supportive care, medications, and management practices. This may include fluid therapy to address dehydration, administration of antimicrobial agents or anti-parasitic medications based on the specific pathogen involved, and adjustments to diet and feeding practices to help the animal recover quickly and prevent further spread of the disease within the herd.
Vaccinations are crucial in preventing common diseases on farms. We work with farmers to create individualized vaccination plans and administer regular vaccines to protect against respiratory infections, clostridial diseases, and reproductive diseases. Geography and risk play a large role in which vaccinations will best protect your herd; we will provide consultations to ensure that your animals are adequately vaccinated.
Brucellosis is a contagious and infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects cattle, bison, goats, and sheep. Brucellosis infections can lead to the loss of young through miscarriage or the birth of weak offspring, reduced milk production, and infertility. The disease spreads among animals through direct contact with infected blood, placentas, fetuses, or uterine secretions. Humans can contract brucellosis by consuming infected and raw animal products, especially milk and milk products. Unfortunately, antibiotic treatment against the Brucella bacteria in infected animals is not always feasible, effective, or economically viable for producers, which is why prevention is paramount to ensuring a healthy herd. We prevent brucellosis outbreaks with vaccinations and routine blood testing in certain species and help farmers minimize transmission risks via reproductive management.
Rabies management involves implementing preventive measures and responding quickly to suspected cases to protect both the affected animal and human handlers. Prevention includes vaccination against rabies, maintaining proper fencing and biosecurity measures to minimize contact with potentially infected wildlife, and reporting any potential rabies cases to local veterinary authorities. In the event of a suspected case, strict isolation and quarantine protocols may be implemented, and euthanasia of affected animals might be necessary to prevent the spread of the disease. Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants’ prompt veterinary intervention and collaboration with public health agencies are vital for effective rabies management practices on farms. Any bite wounds from infected cattle require serious evaluation due to the human lethality of the rabies virus and very limited treatment options early on in the course of the disease.

Short for Trichomoniasis testing, trich testing in cattle is a diagnostic procedure used to detect the presence of the protozoan parasite Trichomonas foetus. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause reproductive problems, including infertility and early embryonic death in cows. Trich testing involves collecting samples, typically vaginal or preputial swabs, from breeding-age bulls or cows and submitting them to a laboratory for analysis. The samples are examined for the presence of the Trichomonas foetus organism. Trich testing is important for disease surveillance, control, and prevention programs, particularly in areas where trichomoniasis is prevalent. Through this diagnostic test, we can help identify infected cattle and prevent the spread of the disease through effective herd management strategies.

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that can affect multiple farm species and humans. The test typically involves the administration of a tuberculin skin test. We inject a small amount of tuberculin into the skin, usually on the neck or tail, and the site is examined for any reaction. If a positive reaction occurs, we may need further diagnostic tests, such as blood tests or imaging to confirm the presence of the disease. Tuberculosis testing is crucial for disease surveillance and control programs to prevent the spread of tuberculosis to other animals or human handlers.
We assess the potential poisoning or toxicity of substances and plants that your animals may have been exposed to or ingested. During a toxicity evaluation, we do a thorough workup of the clinical signs and symptoms exhibited by the affected animal(s), along with a detailed history of potential exposures. Diagnostic tests, such as blood work or tissue analysis, may be used to confirm the presence of toxins or identify the specific substances causing toxicity. Prompt veterinary intervention and supportive care are crucial to mitigate the effects of toxicity, minimize further exposure, and provide appropriate treatment to the affected animals. Preventive measures, such as proper pasture management and feed quality monitoring, are also essential to prevent future instances of toxicity.
Wound and injury exams involve a careful evaluation of any cuts, lacerations, abrasions, or other types of injuries on the animal’s body. We assess the extent and severity of the wounds, looking for signs of infection, tissue damage, or underlying trauma. We may clean and dress the wounds, administer appropriate medications or antibiotics, and recommend necessary treatments, such as suturing or debridement, to promote healing and prevent complications. Wound and injury exams help ensure prompt and effective care for your animals while minimizing pain, reducing the risk of infection, and facilitating the recovery process. Early recognition and intervention are essential to prevent more invasive treatment procedures, such as surgery and amputation.

We perform physical examinations, observing the gait, posture, and range of motion while palpating joints and muscles to identify any abnormalities, signs of pain, or indications of musculoskeletal disorders. These routine exams help in detecting fractures, arthritis, lameness, or other musculoskeletal issues, enabling appropriate interventions, treatments, and management strategies to enhance your animal’s quality of life, mobility, and overall well-being.

Dental flotation, also known as equine dental floating or floating teeth, is a dental procedure commonly performed on horses and other equine species. It involves filing or rasping the teeth to create a smooth and even surface, helping to maintain proper dental occlusion and preventing dental issues. Dental flotation addresses problems like sharp enamel points, hooks, waves, or uneven wear, which can interfere with chewing, cause discomfort, and lead to difficulties in maintaining optimal body conditions. By ensuring proper dental alignment and balance, dental flotation promotes efficient chewing, improves feed utilization, and contributes to the overall health and well-being of the equine.

Preventive measures include the regular use of heartworm preventives, which are typically administered monthly as chewable tablets or topical applications. These preventives kill the immature heartworm larvae transmitted by mosquitoes before they can develop into adult worms. In addition to preventing, heartworm infections, annual heartworm testing is recommended. The test typically involves a blood sample, which is checked for the presence of heartworm antigens. If a dog tests positive for heartworms, a comprehensive treatment plan is necessary. The treatment typically involves multiple steps, including medication to kill adult heartworms, an anti-inflammatory drug, and strict exercise restrictions during the treatment period. In severe cases, additional supportive care may be required.

Deworming protocols are an essential aspect of their overall healthcare. Worm infestations, such as roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, and tapeworms, can pose health risks and even transmit to humans. The specific deworming schedule and products used depend on factors such as the animal’s species, age, lifestyle, and regional parasite prevalence.  Deworming medications come in various forms like tablets, chewables, or topical treatments, and they work by eliminating worms or disrupting their lifecycle. Additionally, practicing good hygiene and feces management helps reduce the risk of reinfestation and the spread of parasites.

Happy, healthy animals are key to a productive cattle farming operation. We help manage pain by recognizing symptoms, alleviating discomfort, and controlling inflammation with a variety of medications, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and local anesthetics. Strategies such as providing comfortable bedding, implementing proper handling and restraint techniques, and creating an environment that minimizes stress can contribute to pain management in cattle. Regular assessment and monitoring of the animals’ well-being, along with prompt veterinary intervention, are essential for effective pain management, promoting their welfare and overall health.

Tusk trimming in pigs involves the removal or reduction of the tusks, which are elongated canine teeth that grow continuously in certain breeds of pigs, particularly boars. Tusk trimming is typically done to prevent injuries or aggression among pigs and to protect the safety of farm personnel or other animals. The procedure is performed by a trained professional using specialized tools to trim or grind down the tusks to a safe length. It is important to approach tusk trimming with proper techniques and caution to ensure the well-being and comfort of the pigs involved.

Regular dental check-ups allow for the early detection and treatment of problems such as overgrown teeth, dental abscesses, gingivitis, or tooth fractures. In addition, proper nutrition, including a balanced diet with adequate roughage, helps maintain healthy teeth and prevent dental problems.
Dehorning is the removal of horns or horn buds in certain species. It is performed to minimize injuries to both animals and handlers, prevent damage to facilities, and reduce social dominance within a herd. Dehorning can be done using surgical techniques or early disbudding, which removes the horn buds before they develop fully.
Hoof trimming is a routine procedure that involves trimming and shaping the hooves to maintain proper hoof health and prevent lameness. Using specialized tools and techniques, we can prevent overgrowth, correct hoof imbalances, and manage common hoof problems, promoting your animal’s overall well-being and mobility.

Coggins, also known as Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), is a viral disease that affects horses, donkeys, and mules. It is transmitted through blood-feeding insects, such as horseflies and deerflies, as well as contaminated needles or other equipment. Coggins testing is a diagnostic blood test used to detect antibodies against the EIA virus in equine species. If a horse tests positive for Coggins, it is considered a carrier and must be quarantined or, in some cases, euthanized to prevent the spread of the disease to other equines. There is currently no specific treatment or vaccine for Coggins, so management strategies focus on preventing transmission and reducing the risk of exposure through insect control, proper sanitation, and avoiding the sharing of needles or equipment between animals.

Routine health check-ups or herd health assessments allow us to evaluate the overall health and well-being of individual animals or the entire herd. These exams involve physical examinations, including assessing body condition, listening to the heart and lungs, checking for signs of disease or injury, evaluating reproductive health, and assessing vaccination and deworming status. Well exams help identify any potential health issues, implement preventative measures, and develop appropriate treatment plans to ensure the optimal health and productivity of your herd. Routine wellness exams are included in Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants’ herd health plans.

Proper nutritional management ensures that your animals receive a balanced and appropriate diet to meet their specific nutritional requirements. It includes providing the right balance of energy, protein, vitamins, minerals, and roughage for different stages of life, production goals, and environmental conditions. Nutritional management also entails assessing feed quality, formulating diets, implementing proper feeding practices, and monitoring body conditions to optimize growth, reproduction, milk production, and overall health. By providing a well-planned and tailored nutrition program, we help farmers support the health, productivity, and welfare of their herd.
We issue these health certificates to serve as proof that your animals have undergone a veterinary examination and are free from certain diseases or meet specific health requirements for transportation or sale. CVIs typically include the animal’s identification, health examination findings, vaccination history, and any test results conducted to ensure compliance with regulatory or destination-specific health standards. CVIs are also important for interstate or international movement of livestock, assuring buyers, transporters, and regulatory authorities regarding the health and fitness of the animals.
Milking evaluations involve assessing the milk production process and the health of the udder. During a milking evaluation, we examine multiple factors, including milk quality, udder health, teat condition, and milking efficiency. Our qualified veterinarians help dairy production operations optimize their milk production, detect milking abnormalities or infections, and implement necessary interventions or treatments.
Mastitis treatment typically involves a multifaceted approach that includes both systemic and local therapies to combat the infection. It often includes administering antibiotics, implementing proper hygiene practices, applying topical treatments to the affected udder quarters, and addressing any underlying factors that may contribute to the development or persistence of mastitis. Prompt and appropriate treatment is crucial to control the infection, preserve udder health, and maintain the quality of milk production to uphold the highest quality standards for human consumption.
Castration is the removal of the testicles. It is often performed to prevent unwanted breeding, reduce aggression, and improve meat quality. We typically perform castrations in males at a young age using various techniques, including both surgical and non-surgical methods. We ensure that your animals have appropriate pain medications, vaccinations, and antibiotics to ensure they are safe, happy, and eating.

Ovariectomy (spaying) is the surgical removal of an animal’s ovaries. It is performed for various reasons, including reproductive control, management of certain reproductive disorders, and prevention of unwanted pregnancies. We ensure that your females have appropriate pain medications, vaccinations, and antibiotics to ensure they are safe, happy, and eating after the procedure.

Reproductive management is essential for maintaining a productive herd. Our veterinarians provide services such as artificial insemination, pregnancy diagnosis at all gestational ages, and treatment of reproductive disorders to maximize breeding success and optimize production.

Ectoparasite control involves using preventive products like spot-on treatments, oral medications, collars, shampoos, and sprays to repel or kill fleas, ticks, mites, and lice. Regular use of these products helps prevent infestations, while environmental management through cleaning and washing bedding aids in eliminating eggs and larvae. We will help you determine the most suitable ectoparasite control strategy based on factors like the animal’s health and regional prevalence of ectoparasites.

At-home euthanasia refers to the humane process of intentionally ending the life of a suffering or critically ill animal on the farm. We administer euthanasia drugs to ensure a painless and peaceful passing, carried out with respect for the welfare of the animal while providing a less stressful environment. At-home euthanasia allows farmers to minimize the suffering of their cattle while also facilitating appropriate disposal or burial arrangements. Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants also provides captive bolt euthanasia, which is an AVMA-approved method of euthanasia that does not have any residues, streamlining the disposal process. Please make plans for your animal’s remains following local county ordinances for burial or composting, a private cremation service, or with a state agricultural lab for necropsy and disposal.

Book an Appointment

Once we establish a VCPR, we can carry out telehealth visits and online prescription management for your farm animals to expedite veterinary care when you need it.

Veterinary Critical Care Services

Emergencies happen. Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants’ trained farm veterinary health professionals respond to acute medical ailments while maximizing care and comfort for your animals so they are happy, healthy, and productive.

Dystocia, also known as difficult or prolonged labor, occurs when an animal experiences challenges or delays in delivering her baby. It can be caused by factors such as fetal malposition, inadequate uterine contractions, or the baby being too large for a smooth delivery. Veterinary intervention, which may include manual assistance or, in severe cases, a cesarean section, is crucial to ensure the health and survival of both the female and her baby.
A hernia is an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a weakened area in the abdominal wall. The procedure typically involves making an incision near the hernia, returning the herniated tissue to its proper position, and reinforcing the weakened area with sutures or mesh. Proper post-operative care, including pain management and monitoring for complications, is essential for successful hernia repair, ensuring that your animals are healthy, happy, and productive.
Farm animals may occasionally suffer from bone fractures, joint problems, or other musculoskeletal conditions. Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants offers in-field fracture repairs for some bones and can manage mild- to – moderate musculoskeletal issues. If an animal requires orthopedic surgery, then we’ll refer them to a tertiary referral hospital for further care.
Cesarean sections are surgical procedures performed to deliver babies when natural birth is not possible or poses a risk to the female’s or baby’s health. These procedures involve making an incision in the cow’s abdomen and uterus to safely remove the baby.
Urolithiasis management in certain species involves strategies to prevent, diagnose, and treat urinary tract stone formation. This includes implementing dietary adjustments to promote a balanced mineral intake, providing ample water supply, and, in severe cases, utilizing surgical intervention or medical treatments to remove or dissolve the uroliths and alleviate urinary blockages, such as a perineal urethrostomy as a salvage procedure for animals near market weights.
Enucleation surgery is a procedure performed to remove the entire eyeball, typically due to severe injury, infection, or tumor. The surgery involves making an incision around the eye, dissecting the ocular structures, and carefully removing the eyeball, followed by wound closure to promote healing.

Displaced abomasum surgery in cattle is a surgical procedure performed to correct a condition where the abomasum (the fourth compartment of a cow’s stomach) becomes displaced from its normal position. The surgery involves making an incision in the right flank of the cow, manually repositioning the abomasum back to its proper place, and securing it with sutures to prevent further displacement and restore normal digestive function.

Rumenotomy is a surgical procedure performed in certain species with digestive disorders, such as hardware disease or the ingestion of foreign bodies. It involves opening the rumen, the largest compartment of the cow’s stomach, to remove or treat the obstruction.
These surgeries may involve procedures such as teat amputation or reconstruction, aiming to correct deformities, remove tumors or abscesses, or repair damaged teat tissue to ensure proper milk flow and health in the affected milk-producing animal.
Laceration repairs involve the surgical closure of wounds or cuts in the skin and underlying tissues. These procedures typically include cleaning the wound, removing debris, suturing the edges of the laceration together, and applying appropriate dressings to promote healing and prevent infection.

In some cases, we must surgically remove a claw, foot, or limb for severe distal limb injuries or infection. Amputation procedures involve making precise incisions, ligating blood vessels and nerves, and ensuring proper wound closure to promote healing and provide the affected animal with the best possible quality of life.

Be Prepared With Emergency Referral Coverage

Emergency medical situations are unpredictable, stressful, and imminent. It is imperative to have a relationship with a veterinarian before an emergency event so that the appropriate triage and referral can be made in your animal’s best interest. All Wellfarm Veterinary Consultants clients have emergency options so that you are not on your own when emergencies occur.