The National Poultry Improvement Plan was established in the early 1930’s to provide a cooperative industry, state, and federal program through which new diagnostic technology can be effectively applied to the improvement of poultry and poultry products throughout the country.
The NPIP was initiated to help diminish the spread of Pullorum Disease, caused by Salmonella Pullorum which was rampant in the poultry industry and could cause upwards of 80% mortality in baby poultry. The program was later extended to include testing and monitoring for other poultry diseases. The program currently offers testing and monitoring for:
- Salmonella Pullorum (Causative agent of Pullorum disease)
- Salmonella Gallinarum (Causative agent of Fowl Typhoid)
- Mycoplasma gallisepticum
- Mycoplasma synoviae
- Mycoplasma meleagridis (for turkeys)
- Avian Influenza